A view that agrees with Classical Arminianism concerning the topics covered in the FACTS vs. TULIP acronyms but disagrees with other significant issues of Arminianism in general (such as entire sanctification and the possibility of a born again individual turning on God and becoming a Christ-rejecting hater of God). This view is stated by Leighton Flowers. See www.soteriology101.com It is called the Provisional View and is contrasted with the Limited View.
For the purpose of this study the alternative to Calvinism will be referred to as the “provisional view.” This is the most concise and simple summary of this perspective because it all has to do with what God PROVIDES.
1. People are born depraved, but God provides what is needed for them to remain responsible. 2. People left alone have no hope, but God does not leave us alone. Instead, He has chosen to unconditionally provide all that is needed for the salvation of anyone from any nation. 3. People need healing, but God provides all that is needed for anyone to look to the Son in faith and be healed. 4. People cannot believe without grace, so God graciously sent the gospel and His Spirit that provides everyone the ability to willingly come and be reconciled to God. 5. People who believe are provided with the Holy Spirit as a guarantee of their salvation.
In short, this view teaches that people are broken, but God provides. Those who reject God and his truth do so by their own free response, not because God has first rejected them or chosen not to provide what is needed for their salvation. God PROVIDES all people the ABILITY TO RESPOND willingly to His clear revelation. (Titus 2:11) All people are born sinful, but God loves everyone and provides a way for each individual to be saved. (1 Tim. 2:4)
The Calvinistic perspective carries many labels. Some call it “Reformed Theology,” and others refer to the teachings as the “Doctrines of Grace.” For the purpose of this study it will be referred to as the “limited view.” This is not meant to be derogatory as it represents the “L” in the famous acronym, TULIP. Moreover, it also best summarizes the overall nature of this view as being exclusive rather than inclusive:
1. God decided to punish all people for the first sin by totally limiting everyone’s abilities from birth. Since the fall no one is able to respond willingly to God’s own appeals. 2. God unconditionally chose a select few before the world began, limiting the potential for anyone else to be saved. 3. God decided to limit the benefit of His Son’s atoning work to the elect alone, leaving the rest without hope. 4. God decided to limit His effectual grace to the elect alone while passing over the rest in their hopeless condition.
In short, this view teaches that all people are broken, but God limits salvation to an unconditionally pre-chosen few. The rest of humanity is born hating God because, frankly, God first hated them. (see Calvinistic interpretation of Rom. 9:13) God LIMITS who will or will not choose to believe by only granting some people the ABILITY TO RESPOND willingly. All people are punished for rejecting the truth despite their inability to respond willingly to it. All people are born sinful, but God only sacrificially loves a limited number of individuals enough to save them.